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Profiles of the Early Beats: David McReynolds

August 4, 2017

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Profiles of the Early Beats: David McReynolds

Here is Seymour Krim’s profile of David McReynolds, in the anthology The Beats, first published in 1960. In later years McReynolds established himself more as a major socialist political activist than a writer of the Beat Generation.. Krim here published “Hipsters Unleashed’ in this anthology which is where you might go for information on the Beats’ fairly obscure political side. Here is Krim’s bio blurb written in 1960.

“McReynolds is 30, responsible, has a long socialist-pacifist background, was actually a Socialist Party candidate for Congress in 1958, is one of the few knowing bridges between tough politics and the beat mutiny. He’ll speak to an audience at the drop of a topic and writes a brainy straightforward prose. A good man to have on your side. Out of California.”

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Paul Varner

Profiles of the Early Beats: Norman Mailer

July 31, 2107

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Profiles of the Early Beats: Norman Mailer

We don’t usually associate Norman Mailer with the Beat Generation anymore. But long before the Beat canon was semi-settled Seymour Krim in his 1960 early early anthology of the Beat writers still considered Mailer as one of their own. Pay attention.

“Mailer is moving these days, carving out his own version of beat vision with his philosophy of the Hip, which he actually sees as the seed of a new religion equivalent to Christianity or Judaism. Hip to Mailer means a great transitional period of ‘violence, new hysteria, confusion, and rebellion’ as a means of smashing a repressive White Protestant morality which has made America a ‘sick country, proliferating cancer into every breath of being.’ Breathstopping in its sweep, Mailer’s imagination is both noble and sinister, ruthless and brilliant. In his dramatization of ‘The Deer Park’—his novel which almost never got published because it was thought to be too dirty for even a dirty age—this imagination comes to earth long enough to be embodied in some fascinating characters: Eitel, the Hollywood director who went to jail for refusing to talk to a congressional committee about his Commy past; Marion Faye, the hip pimp; Elena, the sad chick who wants to be a call girl; and Collie Munshin (whom we don’t see), producer-boss of Eitel’s and cultivator of elegant broads. Mailer’s handling of these people is mature and knowing; unlike the more circusy of the beat writers, Mailer knows the Stork Club world of money and bigleague sex with a hardness and sureness that came from his being launched into it via his early success at 25 with ‘The Naked and the Dead.’ Mailer himself makes fun of some of the beats as kooky kids although he has learned from their jazz and applied it in his own more intellectually drastic way. In the sections of his play which we’re running here you can see Mailer’s eerie and tender gift for exploring the man-woman relationship against a nightlit melodramatic background of money, suicide, prostitution—against the tabloid murder world that evilly grins from U.S. radio and scandal mag and newspaper. Mailer does this beautifully and with skill greater than his years; he has enormous potentialities as a writer, also slickness, glibness, pretentiousness. But what makes his work electrically flicker like a snakehead, always ready to strike at the reader’s vitals, is this grand silken murderous imagination which can take our casually conventional perspective and bewitch it into uneasy possibilities.”

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Paul Varner

Profiles of the Early Beats: Jack Micheline

July 28, 2017

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Profiles of the Early Beats: Jack Micheline

Here is Seymour Krim’s profile of Jack Micheline, in the anthology The Beats, first published in 1960.

“Jack is the real thing: jail in Frisco, fighting and dodging Arabs in Israel, getting pickled and poetic in Harlem. He’s a street-singer. His pants are always three inches too short for his shoes—he’s awkward—but, as he’d say, he’s got a good sound. This means seeing poetics and writing in terms of music, and Jack has music running out of him—corny some of the time, deep other times. Mich was born in East Bronx, N. Y. C. and discovered himself in West Humanity, in the country of Self. His future is an X but his present is inspiringly real. Keep that big beat through thick and thin, brother Jack! It’s strong, man.

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Paul Varner

Profiles of the Early Beats: Herbert Gold

July 26, 2017

Profiles of the Early Beats: Herbert Gold

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Here is Seymour Krim’s profile of Herbert Gold, in the anthology The Beats written long before Gold’s best works: The Room (1971), Last Exit to Brooklyn (1964), and Requiem for a Dream (1978).

“Gold is one of the flashiest writers around; his novels so far haven’t matched his verbal radiance and he’s not above hitting below the belt—as you’ll see in this knock-your-eye-out piece of prose [“The Beat Mystique”]—but he’s formidably clever, hip, has really swung in the short stories, and could write his way out of a locked trunk at the bottom of the Hudson River. Minority snipers like the editor of this book [Krim] think that if he brought a little Dreiserian holy corniness to his hipness he’d have it made. An extremely hard-working and probably demonic cat under some mighty slick icing.”

Krim published Gold’s foundational document describing the then contemporary Beat Scene, “The Beat Mystique” in The Beats. Here is a short passage describing, as he says, ‘the best minds’ of his generation:

These shrill moonbirds turn out to be rigid earth satellites, rocketed by bureaucrats beyond their ken into the air of reality, where they circle in a pattern determined without choice, give out a diminishing signal, draw to earth and burn, crumble, vanish.

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Paul Varner

The Beats–The Drive, the Fury, the Frankness! With Seymour Krim

July 24, 2107

The Beats–The Drive, the Fury, the Frankness! With Seymour Krim

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Unquestionably, the Beatnik scene in the 1950s U.S., and its counterpart in the U.K., the Angry Young Men, brought the Beat Movement to public awareness and provided color and popularity to the movement. I love uncovering original material from the Beatnik era and one of my favorites is a paperback anthology edited by Seymour Krim titled The Beats, published in 1960 with a second edition in 1962 lamenting the end of the Beatnik era.

The back cover of The Beats screams out at the reader the way old ‘50s paperbacks were wont:

The drive, the fury, the frankness they bring to their writing has made the Beat generation the most hotly discussed literary movement of the century. Here is the Beat world, the world that has aroused critics to shocked outrage and loud praise. Here is the jazz, the junk, the jargon—and, above all, the anger. Here is a ruthlessly honest collection of their writing together with some sharp critical assessments of their deliberate and their holy war with Society.

Earlier this year in The Scene I posted a number Profiles of the Early Beats from this amazing time capsule witness of the actual now and present of its colorful time in the late 1950s. Krim had a way of describing all the writers and the goings on especially in New York with current Beatnik slang and dramatic this-is-important! urgency. But I didn’t finish the series. So over the next couple of weeks plug in and let’s find out more from Seymour Krim’s The Beats.

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Paul Varner

The Beats: John Clellon Holmes

March 6, 2017

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This is the third post I am publishing based on Seymour Krim’s 1960 anthology of the Beat Movement. Before each Beat writer Krim featured he wrote a short profile. What’s so fascinating about Krim and his little book is that it was written and published when the Beatnik culture was dominating America’s 1950s. So he writes from the perspective of the moment and with the crazy Beatnik vernacular that often was fodder for cartoons, satire, and ultimately Hollywood movies.

His first profile was of the first real daddy-o of the Beatniks–John Clellon Holmes–who 1.) wrote Go, the first novel of the Beat Generation, and 2.) defined the essence of “Beat” as Krim notes below.

John Clellon Holmes

“Less glamorous, less publicized than Kerouac-and-gang, Holmes was one of the first explicit beat writers, wrote the fairly good ‘Go,’ was sort of conservative ballast to the high cats who wailed the first notes of the movement. Loves and knows and digs jazz, lives the suburban scholar sober hardworking novelist life in Connecticut, is both in and out of the present beat hurly-burly; has acted as sort of Ivy league counterpoint to the gutter-scenes played by the crazier beats. Doesn’t get his hands too dirty. But he has a unifying mind, has impressive ‘felt thought,’ in the words of the big American novelist Henry James, and is really capable one day of writing a huge, thorough blockbuster of a novel about the bloody beat 50’s. Brings a New England temper to Harlem, so to speak—conservativeness to a frantic scene, and nobody else writing on the same wavelength gets the same convincing result. His article [‘The Philosophy of the Beat Generation’] was written in late 1957-58, before the movement was as torrid as today; nevertheless it holds as honest sober statement, despite its occasional tone of Apologizing to the Squares” (13).

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The Beats–The Drive, the Fury, the Frankness! With Seymour Krim

March 3, 2017

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Allen Ginsberg and friends at a Beatnik pad

Here are some notes and rough draft material I wrote for my Historical Dictionary of the Beat Movement on Seymour Krim and his anthology.

Seymour Krim(1922-1989). “Krim has been on the literary scene too long; could go either rotten or ripe. The beat writers opened him up and he now stands a good chance to speak his piece instead of going through the motions. A nice guy with a touch of nasty.” Thus Seymour Krim writes about himself in his anthology The Beats, first published in 1960. Krim was born on 11 May 1922 and died of apparent suicide on 30 August 1989. He attended the University of North Carolina and was a respected member of the literary and media establishment in the 1950s when he discovered the writers of the Beat Movement and credited them for turning him into a real writer. His short story “The Insanity Bit” appears in The Beats, and he wrote respectable prose journalism and New Journalism for many years before his death.

But as far as the Beat Movement is concerned, his little anthology, The Beats, was his significant achievement. The Beats was published as a mass market paperback original first in 1961 and reissued with a new introduction in 1963. Its cool black and white cover image of a goateed beatnik (an uncredited Allen Ginsberg) in deep conversation in his Beat pad with an aloof beat chick calmly puffing a cigarette established an image of beatnik cool that was to persist among young intellectuals into the 1960s. The headnote blurbs on the new young Beat writers were written in the Beat slang of the day, setting the tone for the entire book.

In later years Seymour Krim was a regular writer for the New Yorker, once called by Tom Dent “the poor man’s Norman Mailer” (1980, 106). He taught writing at a number of universities including the Iowa Writers Workshop.

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